Craniofacial Conditions


Condition Descriptions

For an alphabetical listing of all conditions, please click on the conditions Index tab.

Cleft Lip

Cleft Lip

Cleft lip is an opening in the skin and muscle between the nose and upper lip; often the gum ridge is also involved.
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Related Conditions:
  • Unilateral
  • Bilateral
  • Complete
  • Incomplete
Cleft Palate

Cleft Palate

A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth.
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Related Conditions:
  • Soft palate
  • Hard palate

Robin Sequence and Associated Syndromes

Robin sequence [spoken with a French pronunciation 'Row-BAN' previously known as Pierre Robin syndrome] begins with a lower jaw that is either too small (micrognathia) or is set back from the upper jaw (retrognathia ).
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Related Conditions:
Nonsyndromic Robin sequence
Syndromic Robin sequence
  • Stickler syndrome
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS, Shprintzen)
  • DiGeorge sequence

Deformational Plagiocephaly

This is a condition in which a baby's head becomes flat on one side.
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Related Conditions:
  • DFP, Deformational frontal plagiocephaly
  • DPP, Deformational posterior plagiocephaly

    Möebius Syndrome

    Möebius syndrome begins early in the development of the nervous system.
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    Related Conditions:


    Craniosynostosis is the term for a group of conditions in which a baby's head develops abnormally because the seams between the bones close prematurely.
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    Related Conditions:
    Single suture
    • Scaphocephaly (Sagital synostosis)
    • Trigonocephaly (Metopic synostosis)
    • Synostic Frontal Plagiocephaly (Unilateral coronal synostosis)
    • Synostic Posterior Plagiocephaly (Lamboid synostosis)
    Multiple suture
    • Apert syndrome
    • Crouzon syndrome
    • Pfeiffer syndrome
    • Saethre-Chotzen syndrome
    • Carpenter syndrome

    Vascular Anomalies

    Vascular anomalies (abnormalities) occur in blood or lymph vessels. There are two major types: hemangiomas and vascular malformations.
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    Related Conditions:
    Vascular Malformations
    • Capillary malformation (CM)
    • Lymphatic malformation (LM)
    • Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
    • Venous malformation (VM)
    • Combined vascular malformation